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Census Quick Facts

Population, 2013 estimate12583
Population, 2010 (April 1) estimates base12534
Population, percent change, April 1, 2010 to July 1, 20130.4%
Population, 201012534
Persons under 5 years, percent, 20136.2%
Persons under 18 years, percent, 2013 23.4%
Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2013 18.9%
Female persons, percent, 201351.8%
White alone, percent, 201397.1%
Black or African American alone, percent, 20131.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, 2013 0.4%
Asian alone, percent, 20130.5%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, 2013Z
Two or More Races, percent, 20131.0%
Hispanic or Latino, percent, 2013 2.4%
White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, 201395.0%
Living in same house 1 year & over, percent, 2009-201388.7%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2009-2013 1.0%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2009-2013 2.0%
High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25+, 2009-201391.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25+, 2009-201316.5%
Number of Veterans, 2009-20131014
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2009-2013 15
Number of Housing units, 20135902
Homeownership rate, 2009-201373.2%
Percent of Housing units in multi-unit structures 2009-201312.0%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2009-2013$91,600
Number of Households, 2009-20135339
Persons per household, 2009-2013 2.29
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2013 dollars), 2009-2013 $23,007
Median household income, 2009-2013$44,838
Percent of Persons below poverty level 2009-2013 16.1%

U.S. Census Information

Total Change in Population 4/1/10-7/1/1349
Net Natural Change in Population (Births-Deaths) 4/1/10-7/1/13-9
Births 4/1/10-7/1/13450
Deaths 4/1/10-7/1/13459
Net Total Migration 4/1/10-7/1/1367
International Migration 4/1/10-7/1/13-3
Domestic Migration 4/1/10-7/1/1370
"Residual" population change that cannot be explained by demographic factors-9

Population Changes Historical Data over Time (Source: U.S. Census Bureau and http://www.icip.iastate.edu/tables/)

Percent of population ages 65 and over in 1930 7.7
Percent of population ages 65 and over in 194010.6
Percent of population ages 65 and over in 195013
Percent of population ages 65 and over in 196016.3
Percent of population ages 65 and over in 197017.1
Percent of population ages 65 and over in 198016.9
Percent of population ages 65 and over in 199018.3
Percent of population ages 65 and over in 200017.7
Percent of population ages 65 and over in 201018.1
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1900 38.9
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1910 41.7
Percent of population living in Urban area in 192046.5
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1930 49.4
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1940 49.3
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1950 (definition of "urban" changed in 1950 census)53.1
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1960 ((definition of "urban" changed in 1950 census)55.9
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1970 (definition of "urban" changed in 1950 census)60.7
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1980 (definition of "urban" changed in 1950 census)60.8
Percent of population living in Urban area in 1990 (definition of "urban" changed in 1950 census)62
Percent of population living in Urban area in 2000 (definition of "urban" changed in 2000 census)60
Percent of population living in Urban area in 2010 (definition of "urban" changed in 2000 census)60.8
Median age (2000)40.1
Number of residents under 5 years old (2000)725
Number of residents 5-9 years old (2000)753
Number of residents 10-14 years old (2000846
Number of resident 15-19 years old (2000)969
Number of residents 20-24 years old (2000)650
Number of residents 25-34 years old (2000)1307
Number of residents 35-44 years old (2000)1811
Number of residents 45-54 years old (2000)1740
Number of residents 55-59 years old (2000)642
Number of residents 60-64 years old (2000)569
Number of residents 65-74 years old (2000)1049
Number of residents 75-84 years old (2000)898
Number of residents 85 and older (2000)350
Number of residents 18 and over (2000)9442
Number of residents 21 years and older (2000)8859
Number of residents 62 and over (2000)2625
Number of residents 65 and over (2000)2297

Census Geography Quick Facts

Land area in square miles, 2010423.65
Persons per square mile, 201029.6
Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical AreaNone

Census Business Quick Facts

Private nonfarm establishments, 2012 -- Source: Census Business Quick Facts330
Private nonfarm employment, 20125390
Percent change in Private nonfarm employment 2011-20123.1%
Nonemployer establishments, 2012837
Total number of firms, 2007S
Percent of Black-owned firms, 2007 (F = "fewer than 25")S
Percent of American Indian- and Alaska Native-owned firms 2007 (F = "fewer than 25")S
Percent of Asian-owned firms, percent, 2007 (F = "fewer than 25") S
Percent of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms 2007 (F = "fewer than 25")S
Percent of Hispanic-owned firms 2007 (F = "fewer than 25") S
Percent of Women-owned firms 2007 (S = "suppressed does not meet publication standards")S
Manufacturers shipments, 2007 ($1000) (D = "suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information") 214327
Merchant wholesaler sales, 2007 ($1000)384667
Retail sales, 2007 ($1000)153754
Retail sales per capita, 2007 (D = "suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information") $12,759
Accommodation and food services sales, 2007 ($1000) (D = "suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information")11160
Building permits, 201216

Agricultural Economic Data (USDA Census of Agriculture Table 1: County Summary Highlights)

Number of farms 2012648
Total acres of farmland 2012214412
Average size of a farm 2012 (measured in acres)331
Total Cropland 2012 (measured in acres)147608
Harvested Cropland 2012 (measured in acres)127506
Total number of hogs and pig inventory 2012105023
Total acres of Corn harvested for grain 201250884

Health and Lifestyle Data (Source: 2013 Vital Statistics of Iowa, Iowa Department of Public Health Bureau of Vital Statistics unless otherwise noted)

Suicide Deaths 2013 (rate per 100,000 population; A = fewer than 5 deaths, information suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information)A
Total marriages 201383
Marriage rate 2013 (rate per 1,000 population)6.6
Same-gender marriage rate 2013 (rate per 1,000 population)n/a
Total opposite gender marriages 201379
Total same gender marriages 2013 3 or less
Total number of marriages where gender is not stated 20133 or less
Dissolution rate 2013 (rate per 1000 population)3.1
Unintentional Injury Death rate 2013 (rate per 1,000 population)47.7
Out-of-wedlock live birth rate 2013 (rate per 1,000 live births)367.6
Per Person Alcohol Liquor Sales (Source http://www.kcrg.com/subject/news/data-show-per-person-liquor-sales-for-iowa-counties-20150108)2.18
Live birth rate 2013 (rate per 1,000 population)10.8
Live birth rate for mothers under age 20 2013 (rate per 1,000 live births)66.2
Gun permits approved in 2011 (Source: http://archive.desmoinesregister.com/interactive/article/20130310/NEWS/130309029/Map-Gun-permits-issued-by-Iowa-county)898
Gun permits approved in 2012 (Source: http://archive.desmoinesregister.com/interactive/article/20130310/NEWS/130309029/Map-Gun-permits-issued-by-Iowa-county)214
Total gun permits 2011-2012 (Source: http://archive.desmoinesregister.com/interactive/article/20130310/NEWS/130309029/Map-Gun-permits-issued-by-Iowa-county)1112
Total gun permits denied 2011-2012 (Source: http://archive.desmoinesregister.com/interactive/article/20130310/NEWS/130309029/Map-Gun-permits-issued-by-Iowa-county)4
Percent of Population with gun permit (Source: http://archive.desmoinesregister.com/interactive/article/20130310/NEWS/130309029/Map-Gun-permits-issued-by-Iowa-county)9

Religious Affiliation

Religious Membership, Total number of Adherents in all Denominations/Groups (2010) (Source: www.theARDA.com)5263
Rate of Religious Membership, Rates of Adherence per 1,000 population (2010) (Source: www.theARDA.com)419.9
Rate of Evangelical Protestant Adherence per 1,000 population (2010) (Source: www.theARDA.com)80.98

Voter Registration and Turnout Information (Source: Iowa Secretary of State)

Registered Voters Age 18-24 (3/24/15)732
Registered Voters Age 25-34 (3/24/15)1133
Registered Voters Age 35-49 (3/24/15)1647
Registered Voters Age 50-64 (3/24/15)2235
Registered Voters Age 65 and over (3/24/15)2184
Active Democratic Registered Voters (1/2/15)1685
Active Republican Registered Voters (1/2/15)2768
Active No Party Registered Voters (1/2/15)3183
Active Other Registered Voters (1/2/15)11
Total Active Registered Voters (1/2/15)7647
Inactive Democratic Registered Voters (1/2/15)85
Inactive Republican Registered Voters (1/2/15)83
Inactive No Party Registered Voters (1/2/15)202
Inactive Other Registered Voters (1/2/15)0
Total Inactive Registered Voters (1/2/15)370
Grand Total Registered Voters (1/2/15)8017
Voters on Election Day 20142074
Voters who Voted Absentee 20142225
Total Voters 20144299
Active Voters as of 11/6/147627
Percent Active Voter Turnout 201456.37
Inactive Voters as of 11/6/14394
Percent Total Voter Turnout 201453.6

County Government Salary Information (Source: Iowa State Association of Counties)

2015 County Supervisor Salary25557
Rank Among all Counties for 2015 County Supervisor Salary83
Percent Change in County Supervisor Salary from 20145.06%
2015 County Attorney Salary84388
Rank Among all Counties for 2015 County Attorney Salary43
Percent Change in County Attorney Salary from 20145.57%
2015 CountyAuditor Salary48690
RankAmong all Counties for 2015 County Auditor Salary83
Percent Change in County Auditor Salary from 20145.06%
2015 County Recorder Salary48690
Rank Among all Counties for 2015 County Recorder Salary76
Percent Change in County Recorder Salary from 20145.06%
2015 County Sheriff Salary63683
Rank Among all Counties for 2015 County Sheriff Salary76
Percent Change in County Sheriff Salary from 20145.57%
2015 County Treasurer Salary48690
Rank Among all Counties for 2015 County Treasurer Salary79
Percent Change in County Treasurer Salary from 20145.06%
Number of Board Members3
Stipend to Board Chair
Total Elected Officials Salary 2015370812
Rank Among all Counties for 2015 Total Elected Officials Salary78
Percent Change in Total Elected Officials Salary from 20145.26%

Tax Information (Source: http://www.dom.state.ia.us/local/county/county_prop_tax.htm)

General Basic Property Tax Rate3.5
Total Tax Revenues5471016
Total Property Tax Revenue5195447
FactThe first Union County courthouse was destroyed by fire in 1893.